A Memory-Augmented Neural Model for Automated Grading
Siyuan Zhao, Yaqiong Zhang, Xiaolu Xiong, Anthony Botelho, and Neil Heffernan
The need for automated grading tools for essay writing and open-ended assignments has received increasing attention due to the unprecedented scale of Massive Online Courses (MOOCs) and the fact that more and more students are relying on computers to complete and submit their school work. In this paper, we propose an efficient memory network-powered automated grading model. The idea of our model stems from the philosophy that with enough graded samples for each score in the rubric, such samples can be used to grade future work that is found to be similar. For each possible score in the rubric, a student response graded with the same score is collected. These selected responses represent the grading criteria specified in the rubric and are stored in the memory component. Our model learns to predict a score for an ungraded response by computing the relevance between the ungraded response and each selected response in memory. The evaluation was conducted on the Kaggle Automated Student Assessment Prize (ASAP) dataset. The results show that our model achieves state-of-the-art performance in 7 out of 8 essay sets and can be trained efficiently due to the simplicity of model structure.